Wall Street Journal
USA Today
Fiscal Times

How Do I Explain A Long Employment Gap In My Resume?

November 11, 2019 | By | 1 Reply More

resume for employment gap


Unemployment can happen to any one. But how you handle the employment gap on your resume can make or break your chances of getting hired.


After a lengthy period of unemployment you’re ready to get back on your feet and go back to work. As you begin to craft your resume, however, you face a dilemma: how should you explain the long period of time you were not employed?


Here are some tips to help you fill in this gap with honesty and confidence.

First, understand how employment gaps are seen by potential employers. Next, consider acceptable reasons for a long employment gap. Then, know what activities employers consider as acceptable fillers for that period of time time. Finally, spell out those activities so they increase your chances of getting an interview.



How employment gaps are viewed by employers

You’ve probably heard that it’s easier for an employed person to find a job than it is for an unemployed person. Perhaps, some experts say, it’s because a candidate seems less desperate. The harsh truth is that being unemployed is viewed as negative by most hiring managers. Furthermore, the longer someone has been unemployed, the less desirable they appear.


According to a field study by leading resume service ResumeGo, unemployment periods over two years drastically reduced a candidate’s chances of being called for an interview.



“Those with gaps in their work history run the risk of being seen as lazy or unfocused with their careers, and not as an in-demand asset in the eyes of potential employers,” explained Peter Yang, the CEO and co-founder of ResumeGo to


Wait a minute! Perhaps you wanted to raise a family. Or your company folded. Maybe you were injured or fell ill. Or any other reason. But  “lazy or unfocused”? Most certainly not!



Moving beyond the stigma

Whatever the reasons for your period of unemployment, your life situations have changed and you’re ready to resume your career. But after an extended leave from work, do you even stand a rat’s chance?


Yes, you do. It all depends on how you present your employment gap when you apply for a job. According to Yang, “Applicants who provided a reason for their work gap received close to 60% more interviews [than those who didn’t provide a reason].”


resume for employment gap


Cover Letter

According to resume service, “The purpose of a cover letter is to give a recruiter or hiring manager a more detailed view of your accomplishments and a sense of what you’ll bring to the table if you are hired.”


Although a cover letter serves to introduce you, its actual purpose is to show the employer how you’ll be able to help them, not the other way around.


“Managers are looking for you to show that you understand their business and that you care about what they need,” Blue Sky Resumes’ founder Louise Fletcher told


When you understand that your cover letter to is a way of saying, “I understand your business, your needs, and what you’re looking for—and I can help,” then it’s probably not the best place to mention your employment gap.




While you should leave your employment gap off your cover letter, you still need to address it. The proper place to do so is in your resume.


This scares a lot of people, and it’s tempting to use tricks to try to hide a period of unemployment altogether. However, omitting months in your employment dates, or omitting dates all together are just a few tricks recruiters know all too well.



“Masking a gap or job hopping concern could, in theory, help get your foot in the door, but recruiters and hiring managers will uncover the truth at some point in the hiring process. They won’t be happy to learn about a potential problem after they’ve already invested the time to meet you,” writes Jon Shield on’s blog.


Honesty is always the best policy, and even more so when you come prepared.



Resume Preparation

It’s hard not to feel browbeaten when explaining a gap on your resume. Try not to allow yourself to feel ashamed of choices you thought you made for the better, or times when you had no choice. Your time off work was probably for a good reason–one that almost any recruiter or manager would understand.



A “reason” is not the same as an “excuse”

To get started, write down why you stopped working and then rephrase it in the most positive manner. For example: “Despite enjoying my career in accounting, my family was preparing to place my father in a nursing home. I couldn’t allow that and wanted him home with me. Because he had dementia, however, he needed someone home with him most of the time. As a result, I chose to devote whatever time was needed to give him the best possible quality of life with the time he had left.”


When put in such a positive light, does that sound like an cop-out (excuse) or a noble sacrifice (good reason)? You can do the same thing even if you were fired. Find a positive spin.



Identify the value in non-career related activities

Take inventory of everything you did during your time off, whether related to your career or not. Even something seemingly irrelevant, such as caring for an aged parent with dementia, undoubtedly will have given you experience that will prove valuable to a potential employer. Write those down in full sentences so you can practice formally writing them in a resume, and hopefully, later saying them to an interviewer.


So, for example, instead of, “I ensured my father ate enough every day,” try, “For three years I handled meal planning for my father who had changing nutritional needs based on his health issues and steadily declining state.”


resume for employment gap


Demonstrate that you’ve stayed current

The truth is, most recruiters do understand that “life happens”, and that it can happen to anyone. Still, they rightfully will have concerns about your ability to hit the ground running if you return to work. Technology changes. Workplace standards change. Laws change. Consider how can you show that you are in tune with those changes and will be able to operate without disruption to their company.


Make sure you’re aware of any important changes or advancements in your industry or particular profession, and can offer evidence of how you’ve stayed current. If you haven’t remained current, take a step back and take a course or seminar in order to show that you are current, or are working on it.



Visit your contacts list

Did you continue to lunch occasionally with people in the same field to talk shop, even though you weren’t employed? Did you attend any events related to your profession, such as luncheons, lectures, or product fairs? These are all worthy of mentioning as it shows you never let your business suit gather dust.


Refer back to these events when relevant. For example, “I kept abreast of the latest techniques used in my field through meetings with former colleagues/attending professional luncheon discussions/up-to-date industry reading material.”


If you didn’t, I get it. Time flies when life takes over, making it easy to forget with whom you previously networked. But networking during your period off work is essential. Join professional groups online and begin to interact with people in your profession. Get reacquainted with industry jargon. Know who the newest big players are in your field.



Take stock of your soft skills

Even if you didn’t attend classes during your time off work, that doesn’t mean you didn’t develop important skills. Soft skills are increasingly becoming more valued in the professional world.


Some previously unemployed people have said they learned many of these soft skills only during their time off. Such skills include: patience, resiliency, empathy, improvisation, and better communication. All of these skills are vital in any business relationship.




“Soft skills can be defined as character traits or interpersonal aptitudes that affect your ability to work and interact with others,” writes Matthew Kerr on ResumeGenius. One reason they are so important, he points out, is these skills are applicable across all professions rather than being industry specific.


Be sure to demonstrate, with examples, how you’ve implemented those skills and how they will be applied to a potential position.



Putting it together

With information about your accomplishments, it’s time to put your resume together. Use the resume format preferred by that employer and/or in your industry. Be clear in your dates. When you get to the employment gap enter your story: a positive reason for unemployment, what you did while unemployed, what you learned, how you stayed current, and how you will benefit the potential employer.


Remember, being unemployed is not a crime. So put your chin up and embrace everything you learned during that time. Then, help prospective companies see how great you still are.




Did you ever successfully return to work after an extended period of unemployment? How did you address this employment gap in your resume?






Category: Cover Letters, Employee Engagement, Resumes, Telecommuting, Unemployment

About the Author ()

Pamela La Gioia has been researching and writing about remote work since the early 1990's. She is CEO/Founder of RemoteWork Source, the leading provider of technical and professional remote career opportunities.

Comments (1)

Trackback URL | Comments RSS Feed

  1. If there is aa employment gap in your career don’t worry, the tips which are mentioned in the above blog will help you for sure.

Leave a Reply


Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial
Password Reset
Please enter your e-mail address. You will receive a new password via e-mail.